Country

France

 

General description

The French National Institute for Agricultural Research is one of the top agricultural research institutes in the world. It is under the dual aegis of the French Ministry of Research and the Ministry of Agriculture. Its scientists are working towards solutions for society’s major challenges related to food security, nutritional and environmental issues. INRA is developing interdisciplinary, cross-cutting researches to address complex challenges affecting the planet in a context of climate change, such as developing sustainable and effective agro-ecosystem services and addressing food security and health issues.

In this project, four research Units of INRA (CESBIO and DYNAFOR in Toulouse, LAE in Colmar and SMART-LERECO in Rennes) will combine their expertise for identifying the environmental indicators that could be derived from a range of datasets (e.g. soil properties maps, the current LPIS dataset and advanced farm management datasets provided by ASP and other partners) including the new generation of high resolution remote sensing (RS) data (Sentinel 1 &2).

 

Role in the project

In WP2 INRA will have a fundamental role in providing methodology and analysing the Use Case ‘Agro-environmental monitoring’ (UC1b) in WP2.

Also, INRA will participate with their key knowledge and expertise in the development of environmental indicators (WP5.3).

 

Key persons involved

Dr. Eric Ceschia is a Senior Scientist in agro-ecology with expertise in micrometeorology, cropland carbon & water budgets, cover crops and remote sensing. He has worked at the University Toulouse III as an assistant professor for 15 years and has joined INRA in 2018.

Dr. Jean François Dejoux is an agronomist Research Engineer from CNRS. From 2006 till 2016, he has coordinated the Regional Space Observatory at CESBIO that aims at developing remote sensing applications for territorial management.

Dr. Christian Bockstaller is a Research Engineer at LAE developing evaluation methods of the impacts of different cropping systems over biodiversity and other environmental indicators of their sustainability (e.g. INDIGO® method).

Dr. Laure Latruffe is a senior scientist at SMART-LERECO studying the performance, productivity and sustainability of farms and the effect of public policies.

Dr. David Sheeren is an assistant professor at DYNAFOR studying agro-ecological infrastructures by remote sensing and their impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes.

 

Relevant publications

T. Tallec, P. Béziat, N. Jarosz, V. Rivalland & E. Ceschia (2013) Crops' water use efficiencies in temperate climate: comparison of stand, ecosystem and agronomical approaches. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 168, 69–81

A. Veloso, S. Mermoz, A. Bouvet, M. Plannels, J.-F. Dejoux, T. Le Toan & E. Ceschia (2017) Understanding the temporal behavior of crops using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 like data. Remote Sensing, 199, 415-426.

P. Girardin, C. Bockstaller, H. Van der Werf (2000) Assessment of potential impacts of agricultural practices on the environment: the AGRO*ECO method. Environmental Impact Assessment , Review, 20, 227-239.

Latruffe, L., Bravo-Ureta, B., Carpentier, A., Desjeux, Y., Moreira, V. (2017). "Subsidies and technical efficiency in agriculture: Evidence from European dairy farms." American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 99(3): 783-799.

Minviel, J. J., Latruffe, L. (2017). "Effect of public subsidies on farm technical efficiency: a meta-analysis of empirical results." Applied Economics, 49(2): 213-226.

 

Relevant projects and activities

Both E. Ceschia and J. F. Dejoux are coordinating actions at CESBIO in the frame of the H2020 Sentinels Synergy for Agriculture (SENSAGRI) project that aims to exploit the unprecedented capacity of Sentinel 1&2 to develop an innovative portfolio of prototypes agricultural monitoring services.

Within INRA numerous relevant projects are running, which will serve as a baseline reference for the NIVA activities of INRA to be initiated.